We present a short review of recent simulation work concerning heat transfer between nanoparticles and a suspending fluid. The role of numerical simulation in understanding such phenomena at a qualitative and quantitative level is emphasized. We discuss in particular the role of interfacial resistance, that of local curvature effects, and the possibility of achieving high temperatures inside the particles without creating a liquid vapor phase transition (boiling) in the surrounding fluid. Our present understanding on nanofluid conductivity from simulation studies is also discussed.

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