Most microscale thermal hydraulic systems have been used rectangular microchannels. In a rectangular microchannel, most important parameter is an aspect ratio. In this study, glass rectangular microchannels were fabricated using MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system) fabrication techniques with a photosensitive glass. The width of all channels is same to approximately 500 μm and the height of rectangular microchannel was changed. The hydraulic diameters of the rectangular microchannels were 490, 322 and 143 μm. Experiments of adiabatic two-phase flow in the rectangular microchannels were conducted using liquid water and nitrogen gas. Pressure drop was directly measured from embedded pressure ports. And the pressure drop results were compared with correlations. Visualization of flow patterns were achieved with a high-speed camera and a long-distance microscope. Bubble behaviors were analyzed using visualized images based on a unit cell concept. As the aspect ratio decreased, a confinement effect was increased. And the thickness of liquid film in the corner of the rectangular cross section was reduced with the aspect ratio decreased. This result affected all phenomena of two-phase flow in the rectangular microchannels.

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