The fractal characterization of the topography of rough surfaces by using Cantor set structures is introduced in this paper. Based on the fractal Cantor surface, a model of laminar flow in rough microchannels is developed and numerically analyzed to study the characterization of surface roughness effects on laminar flow. The effects of Reynolds number, relative roughness, and fractal dimension on laminar flow are all discussed. The results indicate that the presence of roughness leads to the form of the detachment, and eddy generation is observed at the shadow of the roughness elements. The pressure drop in the rough channel along the flow direction is no longer in a linear fashion and larger than that in the smooth channel. The fluctuation characteristic of pressure drop along the stream, which is due to the vortex formation at the wall, is found. Differing from the smooth channel, the Poiseuille number for laminar flow in rough microchannels is no longer only dependent on the cross-sectional shape of the channel, but also strongly influenced by the Reynolds number, relative roughness and fractal dimension of the surface.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.