As physical model used to interpret the fluid behavior when it passes through a semi-permeable membrane, Kedem-Ketchalsky’s (K-K) equations [1, 2] were successfully used in a bunch of filtration processes. However, because they were developed and dedicated to normal ultra- and micro-filtration systems, their limitations were obviously observed in some sort of nano-filtration processes that the pore size of the filtration membrane is only several nanometers. This paper analyzed the feasible utilization scopes of K-K equations. And two methods, Molecular Dynamics (MD) method and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method, used respectively to analyze nano- and ultra-filtration processes are introduced in this paper.

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