Laser welding has received increased interest in the rail industry due to its outstanding performance in aesthetics, strength, heat affected area, precise control and sealing. This paper introduces the laser-welded stainless steel carbody used in subway cars. The carbody structure, welding methods, strength and fatigue analysis methods, and test verification and validation results are discussed. Firstly, the shear strength of laser welding on stainless steel with different thickness combinations were obtained through tests. The preliminary carbody structure was designed based on the material and welding properties. Then the finite element analysis (FEA) was conducted on the preliminary design to evaluate the strength and optimize the structure. After the optimization was completed, a full-size car was manufactured, and the strength test was performed. In the process of FEA and strength evaluation, the simulation accuracy of different element types and the influence of loading force directions have been considered. Based on the design, simulation and test data, a complete laser welding carbody strength evaluation system was established, which can provide valuable reference for researchers and engineers in the rail vehicle industry. The entire design, analysis and testing process complies with ASME-RT2-2014 and this is also one of the first to implement this standard.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.