The use of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite materials to rehabilitate timber Railroad Bridge is investigated in this research. Two different rehabilitation methods were developed and implemented to strengthen timber stringers using GFRP. These methods are referred to as GFRP spray lay-up and vacuum bagging of GFRP wraps around timber members. Tests were conducted on four full scale (8×16×12) timber stringers in the WVU-CFC laboratory under four point bending loads. These creosote treated timber stringers were loaded up to 20% of their ultimate loads to verify their properties. The stringers were then repaired using the above two rehabilitation methods and retested to failure. Strengthening the stringers with GFRP composites increased the shear moduli of the two stringers by 41% and 267%. Rehabilitation and load testing were carried out on an open-deck-timber railroad bridge built during early 1900’s on the South Branch Valley Railroad (SBVR) owned by the WVDOT in Moorefield, WV. Specifically, field rehabilitation involved repairing piles using GFRP composite wraps and phenolic formaldehyde adhesives. Using a 80-ton locomotive, static and dynamic tests were performed to determine the dynamic response of the substructure. Rehabilitated SBVR Bridge showed a 43% and 46% strain reduction in the piles and pile cap, respectively.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.