This article will propose different energy storage systems, ranging from 0.91 kWh to 1.56 kWh, suitable for a 30 m long tram. To configure the system regarding energy content, voltage variation, maximum current and power losses, a model of the tram, network and substations power flow has been developed in a Matlab/Simulink environment. Results obtained in energy savings at substation level vary from 24% to 27, 6% under the same driving profile and auxiliaries load; while at the end-of-life of supercapacitors, the range varies from 18, 1% to 25, 1% depending on the supercapacitor module used and vehicle load.
Supercapacitors On-Board Light Rail Vehicles: Enhanced Energy Storage Systems for Improved Vehicle Efficiency
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Van Mierlo, J, Barrero, R, & Tackoen, X. "Supercapacitors On-Board Light Rail Vehicles: Enhanced Energy Storage Systems for Improved Vehicle Efficiency." Proceedings of the IEEE/ASME/ASCE 2008 Joint Rail Conference. IEEE/ASME/ASCE 2008 Joint Rail Conference. Wilmington, Delaware, USA. April 22–24, 2008. pp. 371-379. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/JRC2008-63054
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