A conceptual study for a Swedish dual-mode locomotive is presented. The primary energy sources are AC electricity from an overhead catenary system or a diesel-electric generator system. The study focuses on analysing how freight operations and locomotive utilisation can be improved and how it can affect environmental aspects of freight operations. Based on project experiences and operative demands, a system proposal has been presented. The rated power output is considerably higher in electric mode compared to diesel mode. The reason for this being higher power demand on electrified main lines compared to branch lines and yards lacking overhead catenary where the power need is lower. The starting tractive effort will however be the same regardless of electric mode or diesel mode, making it possible to haul the same train weight in both propulsion modes. The study has shown that dual-mode locomotives for Swedish freight operations are most interesting in order to improve operations, degree of utilisation and environmental performance.

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