Solder joints are sometimes opened under thermal cyclic loads as low cycle fatigue phenomena. The fatigue crack is usually initiated around the edge of the interface where stress and strain very severely concentrate, having stress strain singularity. In this study, Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu test pieces with V shape notch were supplied to low cycle fatigue tests at 100°C. And inelastic stress strain simulations, which were based on time-dependent non-unified material model, were carried out under several cyclic load levels to obtain strain distributions around the bottom of the V notch. By results of fatigue test and inelastic simulation, the depth from the bottom of the V notch, where the strain range agrees with the prediction of the fatigue life based on smooth test pieces on Coffin-Manson rule, was investigated as the mechanical design rule for lead free solder joints.

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