This paper presents the multi-objective optimization of cost-effective pinfin heatsinks. Heat transfer rate and pressure drop were the objective functions, and four parameters (height, diameter, longitudinal pitch, and transverse pitch) were the design variables. The relationship between the objective functions and the design variables for pinfin heatsink was calculated by using our own empirical equations using the aspect ratio and the minimum gap considering cost-effectiveness and manufacturability. Non-dominated solutions to the objective functions were illustrated, and we derived the design rules for design variables. We found the similarity of the optimum trade-off curves between the heat transfer rate and the pressure drop if the multiplication of the height and the minimum gap were the same for the different constraints. We validated our calculated solutions by comparing them with experimental results and attained reasonable agreement between the calculation and experiment.

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