An experimental investigation of a scheme for cooling electronics packaged in a 3D stack arrangement will be presented in this paper. The scheme utilizes immersion cooling of the stacked electronics in an enclosure filled with a dielectric fluid. Convection and conduction within the dielectric fluid drive heat from the 3D stack to the walls of the enclosure from where a ‘synthetic jet /fan air-cooled heat sink’ ultimately dissipates heat to the ambient. Four layers of thick film heaters embedded in FR-4 sheets, each attached to thin copper plates (innovatively stacked in a pyramidal arrangement for conducting heat laterally to the dielectric fluid and simultaneously promoting natural convection in the fluid), were used to simulate a 3D stack of electronics. For a comparative study, several runs were carried out, where the enclosure was filled with dielectric fluid (FC-770), FC-770 in combination with copper wool (with a goal of enhancing heat transfer in FC-770), and water. For a 40 W total power input to the stack, it was observed that the thermal resistance for heat dissipation to ambient from the four heaters varied from 1.67 K/W to 1.96 K/W with FC-770, 1.47 K/W to 1.87 K/W with FC-770 combined with copper wool, and 1.06 K/W to 1.50 K/W with water. The proposed cooling solution is passive and scalable, and is demonstrated to be practicable and effective in cooling 3D stacked electronics.

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