This paper reports work on advanced cooling technology for servers. The air cooling load on the rack may be enhanced using highly compact Copper/Brass “flat tube” water-cooled heat exchangers that are integrated into the rack frame. The cooling water is supplied by a water chiller. Analysis shows that it is possible to provide cooling (UA/Afr) in the range of 670–1000 W/m2-K, where the m2 is the core frontal area. Also analyzed and compared are advanced technology CPU heat sinks — a thermo-syphon concept and a liquid micro-channel heat sink. The thermo-syphon may be used in a compact thermal-bus concept for heat removal from multiple CPUs. Used with boiling on an enhanced copper boiling surface in a thermo-syphon, heat loads in excess of 75 W/m2-K are possible. The heat removed at each CPU in the chassis is rejected to water flow in a compact water cooled condenser. Performance results of the thermo-syphon concept are predicted, obstacles associated with increasing performance are discussed, and possible solutions are proposed. Performance predictions were also made for water cooled: (1) Copper micro-channels as an attached external sink and (2) Silicon micro-channels integral to the silicon CPU die. It is shown that micro-channels integrated into the silicon die do not offer significant advantage over copper micro-channels. This paper was also originally published as part of the Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Heat Transfer Summer Conference.
- Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
Advanced Technology for Server Cooling
Webb, RL, & Nasir, H. "Advanced Technology for Server Cooling." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems collocated with the ASME 2005 Heat Transfer Summer Conference. Advances in Electronic Packaging, Parts A, B, and C. San Francisco, California, USA. July 17–22, 2005. pp. 365-372. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPACK2005-73262
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