Solders are used extensively as electrical interconnects in microelectronics packaging. Because of environmental concerns, lead-based solders are being replaced by Sn/Ag and Sn/Ag/Cu based solder materials. Since the thermomechanical reliability of modern electronic devices depends on, to a large extent, the fatigue and creep behavior of the solder joints, it is imperative to understand the deformation behavior of these new lead-free solders. This study conducted extensive thermomechanical testing on several commercial lead-free solder alloys. Anand viscoplastic model was used to describe the behavior of these materials with new curve fitting techniques. A modified Anand models was proposed that can yield a more accurate description of lead-free solders.

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