A technique is presented which allows a data center designer or operator to achieve any desired partitioning of available airflow among the floor tiles of a raised-floor data center without resorting to trial-and-error. The output from the analysis is a tile-by-tile prescription of flow resistance characteristics (e.g., damper settings), which accomplishes the desired partitioning. The technique is derived from an electrical-circuit analogy of the airflow in the data. Each circuit branch represents one path that air may follow from the CRAC unit supply, through a particular floor tile, and ultimately back to the CRAC return. Any desired flow partitioning through tiles can be achieved by proper adjustment of tile resistances in each circuit; however, by itself, the flow network has too many unknowns to be solvable. A CFD simulation of the entire data center, in which the desired flow partitioning is specified, provides the pressure distribution above (in the room) and below (in the plenum) the floor tiles. The method is illustrated in step-by-step fashion with a simple example case.

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