Abstract

The overwhelming manufacturing process with robotic arm has replaced human labors in handling and manufacturing work-pieces in factories. In these years, higher accuracy and repeatability are required for robotic manipulators to perform processes such as welding, deburring and grinding in factories. In these path-following processes, the manipulator’s end-effector often encounter position error caused by its vibrating structures. Therefore, the quality of machining accuracy and surface roughness becomes unstable and unsatisfied. For the purpose of avoiding the vibrations to occur in the robotic manipulator, this study aims to design a control method to reduce vibrations which is divided into two parts, namely (1) dynamic modeling the robot arm by applying modified mass-spring-damper model to each joints and links of the robot arm, and (2) realizing the control of the robot arm’s vibration resistance with predicated dynamics to compensate for the undesired dynamics, respectively. Through the proposed model, the response of each joints in different postures and different payloads applied at the end effector can be fully analyzed and the vibrations can be predicted and compensated. Results with the proposed vibration resistance control method indicate improvement of the model robot arm’s dynamic position error.

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