The Delta robot system is widely used in high speed (4 cycles/s at 25-200-25 mm) pick-and-place process in production line. Some industrial applications include photo-voltaic (PV), food process, and electronic assembly, and so on. The energy saving and system cost are two critical parameters for designing the next generation of pick-and-place system. To achieve these goals, a light-weight moving structure with sufficient strength to overcome the excited vibration will be one of the solutions. In this paper, an asymmetric arm design is proposed and fabricated to gain the benefit of strength-to-weight. The asymmetric arm is designed by reinforcing a specific direction and is validated the vibration suppression capability both by simulation and experiment. A position controller that is derived from the kinematic model of Delta robot is utilized to manipulate the robot under a forward-backward motion with a polynomial trajectory with 200 mm displacement. The residual vibration, then, was measured after the forward-backward motion to compare the settling performance between symmetric- and asymmetric-arms on the Delta robot system, respectively. The results conclude as following: (1) The asymmetric arms perform slightly worse (0.03 sec more in settling time) than symmetric arm but there is 15% weight reducing comparing to symmetric arm. (2) Both energy saving and system cost reducing would be achieved by utilizing actuators with lower power consumption and fabrication on carbon fiber arms with mass customization.
- Information Storage and Processing Systems Division
Asymmetric Arm Design on Delta Robot System
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Wu, T, Yeh, J, & Yang, C. "Asymmetric Arm Design on Delta Robot System." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 Conference on Information Storage and Processing Systems. 2014 Conference on Information Storage and Processing Systems. Santa Clara, California, USA. June 23–24, 2014. V001T07A003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ISPS2014-6926
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