Biogas is the term used for the gas made from the natural decomposition of Organic (plant or animal) materials. It is Produced when the materials are digested by bacteria in a situation where little or no air is present (anaerobic digestion). Biogas consisting of approximately two-thirds methane (CH4) and one-third carbon dioxide (CO2) burns well and can be used to provide energy in the form of heat or electricity. The main practical sources of biogas are sewage, animal manure and the organic materials in household refuse or industrial waste. Like other renewable energy sources, biogas is a stored form of solar energy (since it originates from plants which used the sun’s energy to grow). An experimental evaluation was carried out to compare the performance of an IC engine (SI) Using Biogas as fuel blended with petrol in different proportions to that of only petrol as fuel. The performance study carried out in a four cylinder SI engine shows that this can better be used as an automotive fuel with a comparatively much lesser cost than the conventional fuels. The results show that because of the low calorific value of biogas the thermal efficiency is lesser than that of petrol and remains same at low and high out puts. Same is the case for volumetric efficiency. Biogas is an excellent and economical fuel for both petrol and diesel engines. However the power obtained is less than that of liquid fuel. Biogas is a cheaper and better fuel for cooking, lighting and running engines.

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