An experimental setup, a mini-cabinet with reflector at its top, has been designed to study the drying process of jujube fruit by the convection and the solar radiation with hot air convection. The research experimentally investigated the drying characteristics and behavior of heat and mass transfer. Also, drying curves were analyzed. It demonstrated that solar energy could play an important role in promoting heat and mass transfers and saves energy consumed. The optimum conditions of appropriated temperature and humidity were obtained to save energy in solar energy convection drying process.

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