To ensure the integrity of pipelines in failure mode Geotechnical, TRANSPETRO and the TBG perform underwater inspections of pipelines in the main crossings of rivers, lakes, dams, canals and permanently flooded areas. The inspections are designed to locate guideline and measure the covering the pipelines from the margins and underwater depth, identify any exposure of the pipelines, map the occurrences of blocks of rock or debris on the channel and evaluate the anthropic influence on stability of the sections inspected. Among the crossings rivers inspected, in the Atibaia V, with approximately 27.3 m in length, was observed a high erosive potential, which resulted in the loss cover of 3 (three) pipelines of crossing river, besides the fiber optic cable. The lengths uncovered resulted in approximately 33.0 m, with suspended pipes, damage in the concrete jacket and presence of blocks of rocks in the channel. The pipeline in the most critical situation went vain of 6.0 m, with gap up to 0,2 m in relation the background. The crossing river was studied with bathymetric survey and designed cover the pipelines with mechanical protection and anti-erosive. The pipes were supported with sacks of granular material, sequentially, the margins and pipelines were protected with geotextile filled with concrete, installed with the help of divers. The working conditions of 4.0 m depth, currents of up to 0.8 m/s, temperature and low visibility waters were challenges overcome during execution, in which the divers took turns in short periods. Due to the characteristics of the bedrock, the blankets went stylized and stitched on the field by the team, with dimensions taken on site. After positioning the blankets in the background began the underwater concreting, which occurred in stages monitored by the volume pumped and divers strategically placed. The crossing river was re-inspected approximately 1 (one) year after their stabilization and was found in good conditions. The occurrence improved the procedures for geotechnical monitoring and treatment of pipelines uncovered in crossings rivers, being who the efficiency and safety of the work performed currently serve as a reference for the design of similar works.
- Pipeline Systems Division
Protection of Pipelines Uncovered in Crossing River: A Case Study
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Teixeira, PP, Russo, WC, Jr., Torralbo Quintana, JL, & Hoff, R. "Protection of Pipelines Uncovered in Crossing River: A Case Study." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Pipeline Geotechnical Conference. ASME 2013 International Pipeline Geotechnical Conference. Bogota, Colombia. July 24–26, 2013. V001T03A006. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPG2013-1932
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