Two sections of a 914mm OD (36 in.) TransCanada (TCPL) gas transmission pipeline (predominantly with 9.14 mm wall thickness) were inspected using an ultrasonic liquid coupled crack detection In-Line Inspection (ILI) tool. One of the objectives of the inspection was to establish the condition of the pipeline sections with a known history of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). Under test was the practicability of inspecting a gas line using a liquid coupled ILI tool, specifically its ability to detect and size defects deeper than 1 mm and distinguish cracks and crack-like defects from other types of anomalies, such as inclusions and laminations. In order to assess the confidence level of the tool, both sections were inspected in two independent runs and the repeatability of inspection was assessed. Cracks and crack-like defects with depths greater than 12.5% of the wall thickness from both runs were compared and correlation was established to assess repeatability. The accuracy of tool predictions was verified in excavations in both sections. 40 reported features, varying in depths up to over 40% were examined with respect to location, type, and size. Examples of defect patterns are shown to demonstrate the accuracy of the inspection method.

This content is only available via PDF.