The potential for weld hydrogen cracking, that can also manifest itself as delayed cracking due to formation well after weld deposition, is controlled by three factors: the presence of hydrogen, the susceptibility of the weldment microstructure and tensile stresses. The tensile stresses promoting hydrogen cracking may result from either welding residual stresses or construction or operations based stresses, while the susceptibility of a microstructure is a function of its carbon equivalent and cooling rate. Since all arc welding processes introduce hydrogen into welds to some extent, and in general, base material selection and weld stress levels are not controllable in welding procedure development, the prevention of hydrogen cracking must be accomplished through hydrogen management. This paper describes a means of considering the roles of welding procedure parameters (heat input, preheat, post-heat, inter-pass temperature and time, etc.) in the management of hydrogen in multi-pass welds to preclude delayed cracking. Some results obtained using a multi-pass weld hydrogen and thermal diffusion model are presented to demonstrate the models utility in understanding the effects of welding procedure parameter effects on the risk of delayed cracking.
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Multi-Pass Weld Hydrogen Management to Prevent Delayed Cracking
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Dinovitzer, A, Graville, B, Glover, A, & Pussegoda, N. "Multi-Pass Weld Hydrogen Management to Prevent Delayed Cracking." Proceedings of the 2000 3rd International Pipeline Conference. Volume 1: Codes, Standards and Regulations; Design and Constructions; Environmental; GIS/Database Development; Innovative Projects and Emerging Issues. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. October 1–5, 2000. V001T02A011. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2000-121
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