In an attempt simulate the hydraulic conditions actually exhibited in a pipeline, several simplifications have traditionally been made to reduce the computational requirements and complexity of the simulation models.

Recent advances in computer technology and solution techniques have allowed many of these simplifications to be removed. This paper discusses the benefit of the proper simulation of several of these areas. Transient vs. Steady state simulation, Two-phase vs. Single-phase simulation, Newtonian vs. Non-Newtonian fluid flow, Multi-component boiling and condensation in wet gas.

The effects of these features on leak detection, line pack, pressure loss, and inventory analysis are discussed, as well as the effects on pipeline design, operator training, and real time decision support.

This content is only available via PDF.