The focus of this paper is to discuss the special design and operating considerations on receipt of materials at a terminal from a pipeline that is used to transport both crude oil and refined petroleum products. The paper includes a history of the closures of refineries in British Columbia and Alberta, Canada resulting in the need for multi-product pipeline movements. The discussions include the importance of interface detection technologies (e.g. densitometers, colourimeters, sound velocity, and batch tracking), batch configuration, proper dynamic modeling of the receipt facilities, re-processing techniques, and operating procedures. The intent is to give an overview of the success achieved by using a crude oil pipeline for multi-product shipments.
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Multi-Product Pipelines: Western Canadian Experience
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Baum, JS, Hansen, LI, Brown, CA, & Marzocco, KE. "Multi-Product Pipelines: Western Canadian Experience." Proceedings of the 1998 2nd International Pipeline Conference. Volume 1: Risk Assessment and Management; Emerging Issues and Innovative Projects; Operations and Maintenance; Corrosion and Integrity Management. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. June 7–11, 1998. pp. 127-137. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC1998-2017
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