There is a correlation between the efficiency of the pump to the head produced. On the axial flow pump, whose efficiency characteristic is favorable, the pressure head gradient between the impeller inlet and the outlet sections, at an equivalent flow rate, may become larger than that for the less favorable axial flow pump. This fundamental interrelation may be held in the flow passage regardless to the flow rate whichever they are operated at design or off design flow rate.
There may be a direct correlation between the efficiency of an axial flow pump and the ratio of the discharge valve cross section divided by the pipeline cross section. The smaller this ratio is the better the pressure head gradient is for the same flow rates. This ratio may be useful to estimate relative grade of heads, pressure head gradients, internal flow conditions, and efficiency characteristics among axial flow pumps.