Increasingly stringent regulations by the EPA and state air quality agencies in the U.S., as well as new regulations by Environment Canada, are making the reduction of exhaust emissions from industrial engines and gas turbines ever more important far their operators. Not only are these regulations getting increasingly strict with time, but there will be both substantial fines and possible criminal penalties for non-compliance in the future.
This presentation describes how harmful exhaust emissions are formed during the combustion process, what the current regulations are in various areas of North America and where they are probably headed in the foreseeable future. It then discusses possible emission reduction strategies in two broad categories, combustion modification and post-combustion treatment, using catalytic converters.
The three types of catalyst substrates are discussed, with the advantages and disadvantages of each, as well as the relative advantages and disadvantages of the four possible catalyst locations.