The drop-weight tear test (DWTT) has been widely used to evaluate the resistance of linepipe steels against brittle fracture propagation. However, in the recent years there is an ambiguity in its evaluation if inverse fracture appears on the specimen fracture surfaces. Although cause of the inverse fracture is not fully understood, compressive pre-straining near the impact hammer and existing tiny split have been discussed as a possible cause.
In this paper, machined notch in brittle weld DWTT for X65 was performed and compared with various notch types of DWTTs such as conventional DWTT specimen with a pressed notch (PN), a chevron notch (CN) and a static pre-cracked (SPC). The fracture appearances were compared with different strength X65 - X80 grades linepipes and with different initial notch types. The frequency of the inverse fracture appeared in these DWTTs were different in each material and each specimen types, but there were no cases where the inverse fracture did not occurs.
The purpose of DWTT is to evaluate the brittle crack arrestability of the material in a pressurized linepipe. A large scale brittle crack arrest test, so called West Jeferson test is generally used to reproduce crack propagation and arrest behavior in an actual pipeline material. A middle scale test so called Crack Arrest Temperature (CAT) test was also proposed to check the shear area fraction measured in DWTT with API rating with that the local shear lip thickness fraction in those tests. CAT test can well reproduce crack propagation and arrest behavior under the condition of brittle crack initiation from the initial notch.