Integrity reliability science plays a major role in the integrity management of transmission piping, which is piping that traverses long distances across the continent, at high pressures, and can experience high pressure cycling. This science can be applied to non-transmission piping such as lateral piping, which traverses between a transmission line and a facility, or between two facilities, at lower pressures and with lower pressure cycling. Laterals are susceptible to the same threats as transmission lines (internal corrosion, external corrosion, cracking, geotechnical hazards, etc.). However, due to their operation, laterals are only highly susceptible to internal and external corrosion. While site specific conditions may result in a high susceptibility of a geotechnical hazard, this threat is outside of the scope of this paper. On transmission piping, corrosion is generally managed with In-Line Inspection (ILI), Non-Destructive Examination (NDE), and corresponding repairs (e.g. sleeving) to assess and mitigate. With laterals, there can be limited ILI and NDE data. As such, the data used in the quantitative reliability framework for these threats is not available and this creates a gap in the process. This paper addresses this gap through the application of semi-quantitative reliability analysis for internal and external corrosion on laterals along with a risk-based integrity decision making framework. The proposed approach is designed to enable pipeline and facility operators to make effective decisions around lateral integrity programs given the available data, and to better understand the limitations of integrity decision making. Moreover, the paper expands the discussion around the difference between risk-informed and risk-based integrity decision making in order to provide a guideline for optimal and safe integrity management programs considering different criteria. Case studies that include limited or no ILI or NDE information are used to demonstrate the application of semi-quantitative and quantitative reliability assessment of laterals along with the exploration of challenges in calibrating the two assessment methods to provide an example of how reliability science can be applied to laterals and how this can be used in effective decision making given such limitations.
Risk-Based Integrity Decision Making for Lateral Piping
Kulhawy, A, Nemeth, A, Sommer, G, & Hassanien, S. "Risk-Based Integrity Decision Making for Lateral Piping." Proceedings of the 2018 12th International Pipeline Conference. Volume 1: Pipeline and Facilities Integrity. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 24–28, 2018. V001T03A038. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2018-78379
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