In this paper the results will be presented for burst tests from a Joint Industry Project (JIP) on “Validation of Drop Weight Tear Test (DWTT) Methods for Brittle Fracture Control in Modern Line-Pipe Steels by Burst Testing”. The JIP members for this project were: JFE Steel as founding member, ArcelorMittal, CNPC, Dillinger, NSSMC, POSCO, Tenaris, and Tokyo Gas.
Two modified West Jefferson (partial gas) pipe burst tests were conducted to assess the brittle-to-ductile transition temperature and brittle fracture arrestability of two 48-inch diameter by 24.6-mm thick X65 TMCP line-pipe steels. These steels had very high Charpy energy (350J and 400J) which is typical of many modern line-pipe steels. In standard pressed-notch DWTT specimen tests, these materials exhibited abnormal fracture appearance (ductile fracture from the pressed notch prior to brittle fracture starting) that occurs with many high Charpy energy steels. Such behavior makes the transition temperature difficult to determine.
The shear area values versus temperature results for these two burst tests compared to various modified DWTT specimens are shown. Different rating methodologies; DNV, API, and a Best-Estimate of steady-state fracture propagation appearance were evaluated.