The aim of this article is to investigate uneven distribution of oil-gas two phase flow in parallel petroleum processing pipelines. On-site analysis on BZ35-2 central platform A and SZ36-1 central platform N/O (two typical platforms in China’s Bohai Bay) shows that uneven distribution is originated mainly by two sources: flow rate difference and dryness difference. A 3-dimensional numerical model of two-phase flow in T-junction before parallel processing units was built. Flow and dryness distribution under different operating conditions were simulated. It is demonstrated that unevenness of flow rate grows worse as the total flow rate increases or operating pressure difference between parallel units becomes larger. Moreover, unevenness of dryness is mainly caused by phase split in a tee. It can be concluded that the phase split will be more obvious when parallel units are located at different heights or gas volume fraction of feed stream and inlet flow rate is small. Besides, flow rate distribution has an effect on dryness distribution. There is a specific flow ratio that will cause the most serious phase split.
Finally, according to the conclusions, modification scheme for BZ35-2 central platform A piping layout was proposed. And this work may provide some guidance for process design and practical operation of parallel units.