Generally isotropic behavior is assumed and demanded in line pipe specifications. Especially in strain based design, compressive and tensile strain capacity models rely on iso-tropic assumptions. On the other hand every pipe has got an anisotropic material characteristic which effects the performance in strain based design. In this contribution HFI-welded steel tubes are investigated due to their underlying material anisotropy. Depending on their basic strip weld material and production process the anisotropy differs from UOE or spiral welded pipes. Especially, in radial direction of steel pipe mechanical properties are challenging to gain. Thus two methods are suggested to characterize the anisotropic parameters in all three pipe directions. A small scale approach evaluating Lankford values and a full scale method evaluating Hill factors are applied. While Lankford method relies on strains, Hills method relies on stresses. Both methods are explained and validated by internal pressure and full scale bending tests.
Using the anisotropy parameters, their effect on strain based design is analyzed — both experimentally and numerically. In the end it is shown that distinct anisotropies can provide a benefit for HFI-welded steel tubes concerning strain capacity in strain based design applications.