Buried pipelines are extensively used in onshore and offshore environments for transportation of hydrocarbons. On the other hand, buried anchors have been used for many years to stabilize various structures. In the development of design guidelines for pipelines, theoretical and experimental studies on buried anchors are sometimes used assuming that pipeline-soil and anchor-soil interaction are similar. In the present study, finite element (FE) modeling is performed to simulate the response of pipeline and anchor buried in dense sand subjected to lateral and uplift forces. The similarities and differences between the responses of these two types of structures are examined to justify the application of anchor theory to pipeline behaviour. The stress-strain behaviour of dense sand is modeled using a Modified Mohr-Coulomb (MMC) model, which considers the pre-peak hardening, post-peak softening, density and confining pressure dependent friction and dilation angles. A considerable difference is found between the lateral resistance of pipeline and vertical strip anchor of similar size. Progressive development of shear bands (shear strain concentrated zone) can explain the load-displacement behaviour for both lateral and upward loading.
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A Comparative Study Between Lateral and Upward Anchor-Soil and Pipe-Soil Interaction in Dense Sand
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Roy, K, Hawlader, B, Kenny, S, & Moore, I. "A Comparative Study Between Lateral and Upward Anchor-Soil and Pipe-Soil Interaction in Dense Sand." Proceedings of the 2016 11th International Pipeline Conference. Volume 2: Pipeline Safety Management Systems; Project Management, Design, Construction and Environmental Issues; Strain Based Design; Risk and Reliability; Northern Offshore and Production Pipelines. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 26–30, 2016. V002T02A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2016-64546
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