The effect of fracture speed on the ductile fracture resistance of line-pipe steels can have an important effect in the basic understanding of the toughness requirements for crack arrest. Recently, the authors have extended the drop-weight tear test (DWTT) work and developed a modified back-slot (MBS) DWTT specimen to obtain higher fracture speeds. The initial experimental observations demonstrated that this type of specimen can be used to obtain higher fracture speeds. Furthermore, the experimental results clearly showed the effect of fracture speed on the ductile fracture resistance.
In this paper, an in-depth study was carried out to further investigate why higher fracture speeds are obtained in the MBS-DWTT specimens. For this purpose, quasi-static and dynamic/impact DWTT experiments were conducted for both standard DWTT and MBS-DWTT specimens. In addition, finite element analyses using cohesive zone model were carried out to investigate the fracture behavior in these tests. In summary, the higher fracture speeds in the MBS-DWTT come from two major factors. First, as demonstrated by the quasi-static test results, the natural unloading characteristics of the MBS-DWTT specimen (even under pure displacement-controlled loading) leads to higher fracture speeds. Second, the steep unloading curve of the MBS-DWTT specimen produces a higher possibility of an unstable ductile fracture even during the impact event, which will result in higher fracture speeds.