Demand for CRAs (Corrosion Resistant Alloys) clad steel is getting increased for pipeline application of oil and gas industry because of economic advantage over solid CRAs. CRAs clad steel consists of a CRAs layer for corrosion resistance and a carbon steel for mechanical properties. Nickel based Alloy625 is known to be suitable for harsh environmental condition such as high temperature and high pressure H2S (hydrogen sulfide) condition.
In this paper, the corrosion resistance of Alloy625/X65 clad steel plate for pipe produced by TMCP (Thermo-Mechanical Control Process) was investigated. TTP (Time - Temperature - Precipitation) and TTS (Time - Temperature - Sensitization) diagram of Alloy625 indicated precipitation nose, e.g. M6C and M23C6 which would cause deterioration of corrosion resistance. TMCP enable Alloy625 to avoid long time exposure to the precipitation nose. In Huey test, the corrosion rate in TMCP was almost the same as that of solution treated Alloy625 and smaller than that in Q-T (Quench and Temper). In ferric chloride pitting test, no pitting was observed in Alloy625 layer of TMCP type clad steel. In addition, the corrosion test simulating service environment using autoclave apparatus was conducted under the condition of 0.39MPa H2S - 0.53MPa CO2 - Cl− solution at 200°C. Alloy625 clad steel produced by TMCP showed neither SSC (Sulfide stress corrosion cracking) nor crevice corrosion. All the mechanical properties of base carbon steel satisfied API 5L grade X65 specification by optimizing TMCP conditions. It is notable that 85% SATT of DWTT was below −10 °C. Thus, Alloy625/X65 clad steel plate for pipe produced by TMCP with both superior corrosion resistance and low temperature toughness has been developed.