The long-term performance of composite repair systems depends on their structural integrity and interaction with the carrier pipe. The adhesives used in the composites are critical components that not only bond the repair to the pipe, but also bond the individual layers of the repair to one another. The durability of the inter-laminate adhesive bond is required to ensure adequate load transfer between the pipe and the composite layers over the predicted lifetime of the repair.
A testing program was performed to evaluate the shear strength of the adhesives used in composite repairs. The testing program evaluated the performance of seven commercially-available composite repair systems and it consisted of short-term and long-term shear tests on the adhesives and cathodic disbondment tests on the repair systems. The long-term shear tests were performed for 10,000 hours on samples submerged in a water solution with pH value of 9 and at various loading levels at temperatures of 70°F, 105°F and 140°F.
The results of the long-term tests at elevated temperatures were extrapolated to predict the shear strengths at longer durations. The 20-year shear strengths of the composites were estimated using: (a) direct extrapolation of the best-fit curves and (b) the application of the rate process procedure. The results demonstrated the significant effect of temperature on the bond strength of the composites and provided a comparative analysis to evaluate the long-term shear strength and cathodic disbondment of the composite repair systems.