This work investigates application of the η-factor (which bears direct connection with laboratory toughness measurements) on accurate and robust estimates of J for clamped single edge notch tension (SE(T)) specimens made of homogeneous and welded materials using load-displacement records. Very detailed nonlinear finite element analyses for plane-strain models provide the evolution of load with increased load-line displacement and crack mouth opening displacement to define the applied load as a separable function dependent upon crack geometry, material deformation and mismatch level. The procedure enables determining the corresponding separation parameters for each specimen geometry thereby allowing evaluation of factor η derived from a load separation analysis. The study shows that η-factors based on load-displacement records defining the plastic area provide effective and accurate toughness measurements for clamped SE(T) fracture specimens. The analyses also revealed that η-factors for clamped SE(T) fracture specimens based on load-line displacement (LLD) records and plastic area are relatively insensitive to weld strength mismatch. Overall, the present results provide a strong support to use η-based procedures in toughness measurements using clamped SE(T) fracture specimens.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.