Two types of specimen for crack tip opening angle (CTOA) measurement have been investigated for pipeline applications, i.e., the modified double cantilever beam (MDCB) (at NIST) and the drop-weight tear test (DWTT) specimen (at CANMET). Results of effects of specimen types, thicknesses and loading rates on CTOA are summarized and discussed. The main observations include: (i) For both MDCB and DWTT specimens tested at quasi-static loading rate, crack front tunnelling (i.e., with a deep triangular crack-tip shape) was present in high-strength steels; (ii) For DWTT specimens, CTOA values measured optically at the surface were significantly higher than those from the simplified single-specimen method (S-SSM) and those measured at mid-thickness [on sections cut using electric discharge machining (EDM)]; and (iii) CTOA values from surface measurement of MDCB specimens were comparable to those derived from S-SSM of DWTT specimens, but the surface values of DWTT were higher than those of MDCB specimens.

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