Linepipes installed in permafrost ground or seismic region, where larger strains can be expected by ground movement, are required to have sufficient strain capacity in order to prevent local buckling or girth weld fracture. On the other hand, strain capacity of linepipes usually degreases with increasing strength, and this is one of the reasons for preventing wider use of high-grade linepipe for high strain application. Furthermore, external coating is necessary for corrosion resistance of pipe, but coating heat can cause strain-aged hardening, which results in increased yield strength and Y/T. Therefore, there is a strong demand for developing high strength linepipe for a high strain application with resistance to strain-aged hardening. Extensive studies to develop Grade X100 high strain linepipe have been conducted. One of the key technologies for improving strain capacity is dual-phase microstructural control. Steel plate with the microstructure including bainite and dispersed martensite-austenite constituent (MA) can be obtained by applying accelerated cooling followed by heat treatment online process (HOP). HOP is the induction heating process that enables rapid heating of the steel plates. Variety of microstructural control, such as fine carbide precipitation and MA formation, can be utilized by this newly developed heating process. One of the significant features of the HOP process is to improve resistance to strain-aged hardening. Increase in yield strength by coating can be minimized even for the Grade X100 linepipe. Trial production of X100 high strain linepipe with the size of 36″ OD and 15mm WT was conducted by applying the HOP process. Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of developed X100 linepipe are introduced in this paper. In order to evaluate compressive strain capacity of the developed pipe, full-scale pipe bending test was carried out by using the trial X100 high strain linepipe after external coating. Full scale bending test of developed X100 linepipe demonstrated sufficient compressive strain capacity even after external coating.
- International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
Material Development and Strain Capacity of Grade X100 High Strain Linepipe Produced by Heat Treatment Online Process
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Ishikawa, N, Okatsu, M, Shimamura, J, Endo, S, Shikanai, N, Muraoka, R, Kondo, J, & Suzuki, N. "Material Development and Strain Capacity of Grade X100 High Strain Linepipe Produced by Heat Treatment Online Process." Proceedings of the 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference. 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 3. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 29–October 3, 2008. pp. 713-720. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2008-64507
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