This paper reports the crack growth behavior of pipeline steels in near-neutral pH environments. Crack growth data both from laboratory tests using compact tension (CT) specimen and from full scale tests of shallow cracks were analyzed using a true corrosion-fatigue model established recently. It has been found that the crack growth rate can be correlated with ΔK2Kmax/fα, where ΔK is the stress intensity factor range; Kmax is the maximum stress intensity factor; f is the loading frequency; and α is a factor related to corrosivity of soil environments. This correlation enables determination of threshold ΔK2Kmax/fα values for long cracks such as in a test using CT specimen. The above growth correlation appears also true for small/shallow cracks in full scale tests except that small/shallow cracks were found to grow at appreciable rates below the threshold of long/deep cracks. Implications of the growth model to crack growth occurring in the field and pipe integrity management were also discussed in the paper.
- International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
Crack Growth Model of Pipeline Steels in Near-Neutral pH Soil Environments
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Chen, W, Kania, R, Worthingham, R, & Kariyawasam, S. "Crack Growth Model of Pipeline Steels in Near-Neutral pH Soil Environments." Proceedings of the 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference. 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 2. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 29–October 3, 2008. pp. 713-722. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2008-64475
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