RWE npower own and operate a 12km long 8″ diameter natural gas pipeline that supplies natural gas from the National Transmission System (NTS) to a CHP unit. The pipeline has a nominal wall thickness of 6.35mm, is constructed from API 51 X42 grade steel and has a maximum operating pressure of 75barg. The pipeline was commissioned about 8 years ago and has been operating safely since that time. The pipeline was designed in accordance with BS 8010 Parts 1 and 2, with consideration given to the Institute of Gas Engineers Recommendations, IGE/TD/1, IGE/TD/9 and IGE/TD/12. One of the requirements of IGE/TD/1 is that the time interval between in-line inspections should not normally exceed 10 years. However, IGE/TD/1 Edition 4 allows the time interval to be exceeded if justification can be demonstrated using risk based techniques. For older pipelines it is often possible to determine the required time dependent failure probability based on the results of previous ILIs. This allows the time to next ILI to be determined. This time will depend on what has been found previously and values of other pipeline parameters. However, in the case of this pipeline there are no previous ILI data. In view of the above a probabilistic approach to External Corrosion Direct Assessment (ECDA) was adopted. The method makes use of the results from the above ground surveys rather than ILI data. However, in this instance, rather than being used to determine the time interval to the next above ground survey the method was used to determine the time interval to the next (first) ILI. The method is based on structural reliability analysis (SRA) which is used to determine the time dependent probability of failure based on available data. In view of the quantity and quality of the available above ground survey data it was possible to use the method to extend the time to the next ILL by several years.
- International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
Extending the In-Line Inspection Interval for a Gas Pipeline Using Direct Assessment
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McCallum, M, Ford, G, & Francis, A. "Extending the In-Line Inspection Interval for a Gas Pipeline Using Direct Assessment." Proceedings of the 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference. 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 2. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. September 29–October 3, 2008. pp. 671-676. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2008-64440
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