The use of integrated offline training simulators within the liquids pipeline community has not been widespread. Some companies opt to use a stand-alone generic pipeline simulation, which has advantages of ease of set up and offer relatively lower capital cost. They can also be effective in training on basic hydraulics under both normal and abnormal operating conditions. However, since they do not train on the actual pipeline system of the company, trainees do not learn any of the specifics of their company’s pipeline. Also, if the system is not interfaced to the pipeline SCADA system, trainees may have difficulty transferring what they have learned into their day to day control of the pipeline. This paper outlines the major considerations for ensuring that the offline training environment is as a realistic depiction of the actual pipeline control center as possible. Techniques and guidelines, such as Gap analyses, cause & effect diagrams, and flow charts are presented.

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