The focus of the Enbridge Integrity Management System is to prevent leaks or ruptures caused by all duty-related pipe deterioration including SCC. As with all pipe defect types, ongoing monitoring programs are employed to determine whether SCC has occurred. Where it has, preventative maintenance programs are employed to mitigate the SCC. Where required, Enbridge employs high-resolution crack in-line inspection (ILI) as the most precise method for managing SCC. As a member of the Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA), Enbridge participated in the development of a basic framework for SCC management programs and has adopted this framework as the basis for the Enbridge program. Ultrasonic crack detection ILI, capable of detecting SCC, has been employed on over 3000 km of Enbridge pipe and several hundred investigative excavations have been conducted in relation to the ILI data. The results gathered from these investigations have been trended to define the effectiveness of crack detection ILI to detect, size, and discriminate SCC defects. This paper and presentation describes Enbridge’s experience utilizing ultrasonic crack detection ILI for SCC management. The Enbridge trends have shown that ILI can be reliably utilized to detect SCC but, additional innovation is required for defect sizing. While ILI sizing is limited, trends developed from field inspection data have provided the ability to categorize ILI signals into general classifications that ensure all relevant SCC features are highlighted. The categorization is accurate but added precision would reduce the number of investigative excavations, which currently, are also conducted on many sub-relevant features. Coincident with SCC activities driven by ILI data, trends were also developed for peripheral aspects such as field NDT technology, fitness-for-purpose equations, and SCC initiation and growth causes. Observations and trends related to these activities are also described herein.
- International Petroleum Technology Institute
SCC Detection and Mitigation Based on In-Line Inspection Tools
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Kresic, W, & Ironside, S. "SCC Detection and Mitigation Based on In-Line Inspection Tools." Proceedings of the 2004 International Pipeline Conference. 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. October 4–8, 2004. pp. 963-967. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2004-0375
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