Natural hazards (also known as ground movement or geohazards) can cause pipeline failures, with consequences ranging from injury/death, environmental impact, and property damage, to lengthy service disruption and a failure to achieve delivery targets. In North America and western Europe, pipeline failure resulting from natural hazards are typically rare (but costly) events. However, where difficult ground conditions have not been properly accounted for in pipeline design, construction, and operation, natural hazards may have an overriding influence on pipeline risk and reliability. These issues are discussed, and a framework for estimating the influence of natural hazards on pipeline risk and system reliability is introduced.
- International Petroleum Technology Institute
Estimating the Influence of Natural Hazards on Pipeline Risk and System Reliability
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Porter, M, Logue, C, Savigny, KW, Esford, F, & Bruce, I. "Estimating the Influence of Natural Hazards on Pipeline Risk and System Reliability." Proceedings of the 2004 International Pipeline Conference. 2004 International Pipeline Conference, Volumes 1, 2, and 3. Calgary, Alberta, Canada. October 4–8, 2004. pp. 2587-2595. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IPC2004-0238
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