Over the years the natural gas pipeline industry in India has witnessed significant growth in all three segments namely domestic gas production / gas import, development of pipeline infrastructure for gas transmission and actual usage by end consumers. This is manifested by the fact that in the last five years the gas consumption in the country has increased by over 50 %. Natural gas is the fuel of choice due to controllability and flexibility in use, low emission of CO2 and other pollutants, efficiency in transportation and distribution. Due to this, natural gas the cleanest fossil fuel is emerging as the most sought for fuel across the globe. Last Mile Consumer Connectivity are small pipeline projects that are executed to commence natural gas supplies to prospective customers who come forward to sign firm contractual agreement for commencing gas supplies. These projects are extremely important as the connectivity’s leading to start of commercial supplies by different segments of customers for diversified application generates revenue for the company apart from intensifying economic activities for wealth creation of shareholders. It is experienced that such projects encounters risks and challenges both in the internal and external environment which are either known-known, known-unknown or unknown-unknown. This retards the project progress leading to resource idling. The risks are in different areas related to gas marketing, project execution, operations, economic and regulatory risk. Such risks ultimately affect the company’s net profit, due to delay in commencement of commercial supplies. This in turn retards economic development and wealth creation of shareholders. Efforts has been made to draw and consolidate examples from the experience gained in execution of these projects with respect to the types of risks and challenges being encountered under different phases of value chain, situations, along with measures taken to counter the same. Even though such situations are encountered tactfully leading to successful commencement of gas supplies, the question still remains as to what are the best practices for speedy execution for these projects. The aim of this paper is to provide vivid description and insights into the different types of risks and challenges encountered under the Last Mile Connectivity Value Chain and the best practices adapted for speedy commencement of gas supplies to customers.

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