Actuators with large displacement ranges are being designed for smart structures by utilizing the unconventional mechanical behavior of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs). This behavior is characterized by deformation recovery through thermally activated phase transformations. However, because of this deformation mechanism, conventional constitutive models cannot be employed to predict the mechanical behavior of SMAs. Appropriate constitutive models have been proposed, but their application can be computationally intensive. In this investigation, SMA wire-reinforced fiberglass composites are fabricated to determine the relationship between the mechanical response of the composite and the composition of SMA wire reinforcement. A modified linear Rule-of-Mixtures (ROM) formulation is proposed for predicting the mechanical behavior of the SMA composites. This simple, uniaxial constitutive model provides a reasonable prediction of SMA composite mechanical behavior, and is computationally efficient enough to use with Finite Element Analyses for designing smart structures that contain heterogeneous compositions.

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