Thin film SMA (Shape memory alloy) is a useful method for MEMS (Microelectromechanical Systems) actuator. This is because the thin film has an improved frequency response compared to bulk SMA, high work density, and produces large strain. A novel two-way thin film NiTi (Nickel Titanium) shape memory alloy actuator is presented in this paper. Thin film shape memory alloy is sputter-deposited onto a silicon wafer in an ultra high vacuum system. Transformation temperatures of the deposited NiTi film are measured by residual stress measurement at temperatures from 25 ° C to 120 ° C. Test results show that the Mf (Martensite Finish Temperature) is around 60 ° C and Af (Austenite Finish Temperature) is around 110 ° C. A free standing NiTi membrane (10 mm × 10mm and 3 μm thick) is fabricated using MEMS technology. We found that a mixture of HF (Hydro Fluidic Acid), HNO3 (Nitric Acid) and DI (Deionized) water with thick photo resist mask works best for the fabrication process. The membrane is hot-shaped in different shapes such as dome shape, pyramidal shape, and cylindrical shape. Results indicate that when the temperature of the NiTi film exceeds Af, the NiTi membrane transforms into the trained hot-shape. When the temperature cools down to room temperature, the membrane returns to the initial flat shape.

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