Abstract

The development of the hip prosthesis is a result of extensive collaboration between the medical and engineering fields. Although the technology to replace ailing human joints with artificial replicas is quite advanced, these remarkable advances require additional attention. In particular, extending the service life of a hip prosthesis is a primary consideration. An artificial hip joint may require revision surgery due to a number of contributions, one of which is extensive wear. Within the first few years following hip implantation, high amounts of wear particles form due to the contact of the articulating surfaces. The amounts of wear debris generated is a function of the material combinations of the rubbing surfaces of the joint, the amount of lubrication present in the joint during activity and the types and levels of activity.

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