Experiments were conducted to investigate natural convection heat transfer from single enclosed helical coils in a vertical orientation. Coils having different diameter, pitch, and tube diameters were placed inside a cylindrical shell of fixed height and diameter, to form a natural convection shell-and-coil heat exchanger. Effects of tube diameter, coil surface area and coil pitch on heat transfer coefficient were studied. Nu-Ra correlations were presented based on different characteristic lengths. The data was correlated well by NuDhx = 0.002RaDhx0.630 using heat exchanger hydraulic diameter as the characteristic length.

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