Several bomb explosion assaults against military personnel, police officers, and public and civil structures have occurred in recent years, resulting in a significant loss. As a result, society requires increased protection and defense for current constructions from loads of oblasts. In the middle of the many options, retrofitting reinforced concrete and masonry structures with numerous forms and types of materials of composite and fiber is an excellent way to improve resistance to the blast. This paper provides a recent review of extant works & papers on polymers, composite & fibrous materials used for elements of structure defense from the blast, as well as a list of research gaps that need to be filled. Various innovative materials such as polymers, nanomaterials, composite materials, as well as fibrous materials are taken into consideration while writing this review paper. Composite materials have been employed in the blast and ballistic impact applications and are regarded as effective materials for absorbing blast energy. The stitching boosted the composite’s Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness, resulting in increased damage resistance. The basic composite system tested is carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite skins on a styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) polymer closed-cell foam core. In a comparable sandwich structure, glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite skins were also incorporated for comparison.

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