Abstract

In this work, the application of a shear stress transport based-RANS/LES turbulence modelling approach on a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) benchmark is considered after a transient computation of turbulent flow over the configuration on an LES quality mesh is to be performed. Within the unsteady decoupled simulation the scale resolving method successfully produces complex unsteady eddy sizes behind the reference test case. At a subcritical Reynolds number, a numerical Strouhal number of 0.184 which is close to a reference value of 0.18 is demonstrated by the RANS/LES turbulence model. In this scenario, a rubber added on the back part of a fixed circular cylinder is treated as a rigid thin plate during the pure flow simulation. On the LES grid resolution, the shielding function resided in the hybrid limiter of the scale resolving formulation is found to be strong to safeguard the activation of the RANS mode in the near wall region where the demarcation line between the RANS and LES modes uniquely resembles the geometry. Moreover, in the FSI simulation resolved turbulence scales interacting with moving and deforming rubber immersed in the subcritical Reynolds number-turbulent flow are successfully captured by the hybrid modelling technique coupled with a structural solver under the coupling procedure of an implicit partitioned approach. Similar with earlier studies with different scale-resolving proposals on the same FSI case, a periodic oscillating motion of the rubber that is produced from a phase-averaging method is also demonstrated in this present investigation. Nevertheless, a non-physical deformation of the rubber in the spanwise direction occurs. The new FSI result is evaluated with existing results from earlier works as a pivotal basis for further researches, such as implementations of new mesh stiffness model and filter width.

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