This research, a part of more extensive research, presents pre-feasibility and unit sizing analysis of a hybrid system equipped with renewable energy resources in Tabriz, Iran (46°26/E, 38°06/N). This case study examines a GSM telecommunication station as a stand-alone load system. Renewable energy resources include photovoltaic (PV), a wind turbine as primary resources and fuel cell, and a battery stack as backup and energy storage systems, while an electrolyzer is used to provide the required hydrogen in the fuel cell system. Feasibility analysis and unit sizing are conducted based on climatic data such as solar irradiance and wind speed to derive an optimal model during the study. HOMER software is used to simulate the feasibility analysis, measure the size, and optimize the system. The results showed that the hybrid system performs cost-effectively. According to wind energy data and fuel-cell costs, sensitivity analysis is conducted. The load is a stand-alone GSM station that consumes 60kW per day with a maximum of 3.8kW per hour. This analysis showed that wind, PV, electrolyzer, battery, and fuel cells are not currently the best solutions. Shortly, according to improved prediction in fuel-cell technology, it is expected that this source as a backup will be the best option because it has decreased fuel-cell costs up to 65 percent. Some criteria such as size, application, and cost, have been mainly examined. These results provide excellent opportunities for this hybrid system. The result shows using fuel cells in a hybrid system is not affordable by considering current fuel cell price, and the main suggestion hybrid system configuration is PV, wind turbine, and battery, while for the nearby location of Tabriz by decreasing wind speed, using wind turbines is not feasible and more PV array should be added to the system.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.